Given two strings, find the longest comment subsequence (LCS).

Your code should return the length of LCS.

**Example**

For "ABCD" and "EDCA", the LCS is "A" (or D or C), return 1

For "ABCD" and "EACB", the LCS is "AC", return 2

**Understand the problem:**

The longest common subsequence (LCS) problem is the problem of finding the longest subsequence common to all sequences in a set of sequences (often just two sequences). It differs from problems of finding common substrings: unlike substrings, subsequences are not required to occupy consecutive positions within the original sequences. The longest common subsequence problem is a classic computer science problem, the basis of data comparison programs such as the diff utility, and has applications in bioinformatics. It is also widely used by revision control systems such as Git for reconciling multiple changes made to a revision-controlled collection of files.

**A recursive Solution:**

http://www.geeksforgeeks.org/dynamic-programming-set-4-longest-common-subsequence/

**A DP Solution:**

- Definition: dp[A.length() + 1][B.length() + 1], where dp[i][j] means the LCS between string A[0, ... i] to B[0, ..., j].
- Initialization: dp[0][0] = 0; dp[0][j] = 0; dp[i][0] = 0;
- Transit function:

dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j - 1] + 1;

} else {

dp[i][j] = Math.max(dp[i - 1][j], dp[i][j - 1]);

}

- Final state: dp[A.length()][B.length()]

**Code (Java):**

public class Solution { /** * @param A, B: Two strings. * @return: The length of longest common subsequence of A and B. */ public int longestCommonSubsequence(String A, String B) { if (A == null || A.length() == 0 || B == null || B.length() == 0) { return 0; } int[][] dp = new int[A.length() + 1][B.length() + 1]; for (int i = 1; i <= A.length(); i++) { for (int j = 1; j <= B.length(); j++) { if (A.charAt(i - 1) == B.charAt(j - 1)) { dp[i][j] = dp[i - 1][j - 1] + 1; } else { dp[i][j] = Math.max(dp[i - 1][j], dp[i][j - 1]); } } } return dp[A.length()][B.length()]; } }

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