Monday, June 6, 2016

Leetcode: 341. Flatten Nested List Iterator

Given a nested list of integers, implement an iterator to flatten it.
Each element is either an integer, or a list -- whose elements may also be integers or other lists.
Example 1:
Given the list [[1,1],2,[1,1]],
By calling next repeatedly until hasNext returns false, the order of elements returned by next should be: [1,1,2,1,1].
Example 2:
Given the list [1,[4,[6]]],
By calling next repeatedly until hasNext returns false, the order of elements returned by next should be: [1,4,6].
Understand the problem:
The question asks to flatten a nested list of integers. So we may think of using a stack(?). The trick here is that the stack stores the iterator of each list. So each time we call the hasNext() we first check the top of the stack, and iterate the list. If the data in the list is an integer, we print it out; else, push the iterator into the stack. If the iterator has reached to the end, we pop out it from the stack. 

Code (Java):
/**
 * // This is the interface that allows for creating nested lists.
 * // You should not implement it, or speculate about its implementation
 * public interface NestedInteger {
 *
 *     // @return true if this NestedInteger holds a single integer, rather than a nested list.
 *     public boolean isInteger();
 *
 *     // @return the single integer that this NestedInteger holds, if it holds a single integer
 *     // Return null if this NestedInteger holds a nested list
 *     public Integer getInteger();
 *
 *     // @return the nested list that this NestedInteger holds, if it holds a nested list
 *     // Return null if this NestedInteger holds a single integer
 *     public List<NestedInteger> getList();
 * }
 */
public class NestedIterator implements Iterator<Integer> {
    Stack<Iterator<NestedInteger>> stack;
    Integer top;
    
    public NestedIterator(List<NestedInteger> nestedList) {
        stack = new Stack<>();
        stack.push(nestedList.iterator());
        top = null;
    }

    @Override
    public Integer next() {
        Integer result = null;
        if (top != null) {
            result = top;
            top = null;
        }
        
        return result;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean hasNext() {
        if (top != null) {
            return true;
        }
        
        while (!stack.isEmpty()) {
            Iterator<NestedInteger> it = stack.peek();
            if (it.hasNext()) {
                NestedInteger curr = it.next();
                if (curr.isInteger()) {
                    top = curr.getInteger();
                    return true;
                } else {
                    stack.push(curr.getList().iterator());
                }
            } else {
                stack.pop();
            }
        }
        
        return false;
    }
}

/**
 * Your NestedIterator object will be instantiated and called as such:
 * NestedIterator i = new NestedIterator(nestedList);
 * while (i.hasNext()) v[f()] = i.next();
 */

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